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The study of Geography describes and analyses the location of places on earth and the spatial distribution of phenomena in their varied interrelationships as they influence human activities. The subject is dynamic as it responds to constant environmental changes. Geography therefore transcends boundaries of other subjects in an attempt to describe the earth and its diverse elements. As such, the subject interrelates with all the other disciplines making it both a humanity and a science.

The study of Geography involves a process of discovery and enables the learner to acquire knowledge and develop positive attitudes and skills of inquiry, critical thinking and decision making This prepares the learner to cope with the demands of modern society.

This syllabus has attempted to expose the learner to a systematic study or both physical and human aspects of Geography with specific local examples drawn from Kenya as well as comparative studies from other parts of the world.

The syllabus gives special emphasis to practical Geography thus providing the learner with the opportunity to demonstrate the ability to manage and conserve natural resources. Emphasis has been placed on a learner —centred approach and the use of varied learning resources.

This syllabus builds on the knowledge, skills and attitudes acquired at the primary school level, at the same time preparing the learner for further studies. The content is developed from basic Geographical concepts to more complex ones in relation to the psychological development of the learner. In the syllabus, field-work, map work, photograph work and statistical methods are introduced early in the course and their treatment is amplified progressively across the levels. The Geography of Kenya has also been spread and integrated in the four-year course.