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9.10 Specific Objectives

By the end of the topic, the learner should be able to:

a) define earth movements

b) explain the causes of horizontal and vertical earth movements

c) explain the theories of Continental Drift and Plate Tectonics

d) define folding, faulting, vulcanicity and earthquakes

e) explain the processes of folding, faulting and vulcanicity

f) describe types of folds, faults and forms of vulcanicity

e) explain the resultant features due to folding, faulting and vulcanicity

h) explain the causes of earthquakes

i) describe how earthquakes are measured

j) account for the or distribution of earthquake zones, fold mountain systems and features due to faulting and vulcanicity

k) explain the significance of the resultant features of folding, faulting, vulcanicity and the effects of earthquakes.

9.20 Content

9.21 Earth Movements

a) Definition

b) Types

i) Horizontal

ii) Vertical

c) Causes

9.22 Theories of:

a) Continental Drift

b) Plate Tectonics

9.23 Folding

a) Definition

b) Processes

c) Types of folds and the resultant features

d) World distribution of fold mountain systems

e) Significance of folding to human activities

9.24 Faulting

a) Definition

b) Processes

c) Types of faults and the resultant features

d) A study of the Great Rift Valley

e) World distribution of features due to faulting

f) Significance of faulting to human activities

9.25 Vulcanicity

a) Definition

b) Types and resultant features

c) World distribution of features due to vulcanicity

d) Significance of vulcanicity to human activities

9.26 Earthquakes

a) Definition

b) Causes

c) Measurement

d) Distribution of major earthquake zones of the world

e) Effects of earthquakes