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KCSE BIOLOGY SYLLABUS

INTRODUCTION

The study of Biology aims at equipping the learner with the knowledge, attitudes and skills necessary for controlling and preserving the environment. The subject enables the leaner to appreciate humans as part of the broader community of living organisms. This subject is important in fields such as health, agriculture, environment and education. Biology is the precursor of biotechnology which is a tool for industrial and technological development.

The content has been carefully reorganized to ensure that the required concepts and skills are realized. Sufficient practical activities have been suggested. These should be taught alongside the respective content rather than being treated as a separate entity. It is recommended that the teachers use discovery method in achieving the objectives of this subject. Most of the apparatus, chemicals and equipment required for practical activities are affordable. However, the teacher is highly encouraged to improvise using locally available materials to reduce costs.

Contemporary issues such as HIV/AIDS, STIs, drug abuse and environmental pollution which have an impact on the learner’s life have been incorporated for study.

The current system of using five kingdoms in classification has been adapted instead of the traditional two kingdom system.

It is envisaged that this syllabus should be adequately covered within the allocated time. A suggested guideline on time allocation per topic has been provided to help the teacher in lesson planning. This however, can be adjusted to meet the requirements of the individual class.